Jobs of the Future worksheet

Jobs of the Future

Andrew McAfee

  1. What jobs does McAfee suggest that machines will soon take from people?

He claims robots will take over jobs that require physical labour.

  1. What two reasons does he provide that the coming, ‘Machine Age’ is good economic news?

Once we start using machines for work, the quality and quantity of products will increase.

Jobs involving drudgery and toil will be taken by robots.

  1. “Technology is a gift of God. After the gift of life, it is perhaps the greatest of God’s gifts. It is the mother of civilisations, of arts and sciences” Explain this quote. DO you agree or disagree with it? Explain.


I agree. Technology is defined as “the application of scientific knowledge for practical purposes, especially in industry”. This is really what puts us apart from animals. If not for technology, we would be normal apes. Technology allows us to be more efficient and make higher quality products which means we can have more time for other things(like arts).

Define the following terms:  

Dystopian:  The opposite of Utopian.

Social mobility: The ability to climb in income status.

Economic inequality: Economic inequality is the difference found in various measures of economic well-being among individuals in a group, among groups in a population, or among countries.

Social safety net: services provided such as welfare, unemployment benefit, universal health care, and homeless shelters, which prevents individuals from falling into poverty.

Abundance: more than enough.


  1. Who are Bill and Ted? What differences have emerged between them as the economy has changed? How does the following quote apply to the unfortunate events that occur to Bill?


“Work saves a man from three great evils: boredom, vice and need”



Ted has a higher education, Bill does not. Bill does blue/low-level white collar work, Ted it a manager/doctor/lawyer/engineer/scientist/professor/content producer. In the past, bill and ted would have lead similar lives. But, as we began to automate work and bring more technology into work, Bill has struggled to lead a good life. He struggles to keep jobs or give his kids time, he goes to prison and does not make enough money.

Bill does not have enough work, so he is in need of many things. Consequently, he resorts to crime. Ted, on the other hand, has a job, so he’s never bored, always virtuous, and never needs anything.

Paragraph Answer Question:

How does knowing about the upcoming ‘Machine Age’ change how high school students should plan their futures and careers? Does it affect your personal future plans? How so?


High school students should try to plan for careers with low replacement risks. By this I mean they should avoid jobs that are likely to be taken over my robots. This means they have less jobs to choose from and will most likely have to go to college/university if they want to make a good amount.

It doesn’t really affect my plans too much. I was already planning to go into a career that has a low risk of replacement so I don’t have to change anything really.


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