Learning about the Stories of WWII

Topic: Albert Goering: the brother of a well known Nazi leader who himself was anti-Nazi.

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Arts and Culture: 3 Videos

  1. What Makes this Canadian Train so Special?

 

This video covers the “The Canadian”, a train designed in the 1930s. It is instantly recognizable due to its dome, and overall shape. People actually “travel from all around the world to ride in [the] car ”. So, what makes it culturally significant? First of all, it is a tourist attraction. It’s special, people want to experience it since it’s so different and unique. It captures the culture of the time it was designed in. It’s streamlined, a trend of the time, it’s flashy, it’s accommodating, and somewhat luxurious. The fact that it is still sought out as a means of travel, exemplifies the obligation to experience unique things, that is such a big part of our culture now.

 

  1. This Cleveland DJ Popularized Rock ‘n’ Roll

 

This video covers Alan Freed’s popularization of the term Rock n Roll, to describe his blend of R&B and African American music. This video goes over adoption and adaptation of other cultures to suit one’s own. Freed took part of African American culture and created something that his own people would enjoy. It’s something that happens all the time. This could be perceived multiple ways, some may call this gentrification, but is a natural occurrence that is inevitable for any culture. Another thing that it goes over is the popularity of dancing at the time. This is more of a trend in society than a cultural thing but, in times of peace or prosperity, culture usually develops very quickly. This happened during the Renaissance when arts and culture were growing exponentially since people weren’t obsessed with just surviving.

 

  1. How Colorized Historical Footage Is Painstakingly Made

 

This video covers the process of taking historical images and footage and colouring them. This is significant since it is an example of the preservation of history and culture. This video, in particular, shows what people are willing to go through to preserve their history. The painstaking process of colourizing footage would probably seem like a bit much to most people, but many believe it is important to remember our history. History seems like something American culture is particularly obsessed with. Many days are devoted to remembering past events. For example, we have a day called remembrance day(very subtle). It seems like most cultures seem to value preservation of history for a few reasons. 1. Prevent people from making the same mistakes. 2. To preserve knowledge, and keep the facts straight. And, 3. To keep in touch with their roots. Number 3 is possibly the most important reason for many people. It is important to remember why people have a certain set of beliefs. For example, if someone knows why they do something every day(lighting incense for example), they would have more conviction to do it, or the opposite, if they don’t believe their reasons are good enough. It simply strengthens one’s opinions of their culture. 

 

Las Vegas Shooting assignment

Jaskirat and Jagmeet

Investigate gun culture in America. Why is the right to bears arms entrenched in present-day American culture?

 

Before, the American military did not have high tech weapons rendered guns useless against them. American citizens wanted to be able to fight against other militaries if their army fell, and be able to fight against their military had a civil war erupted. This wasn’t the only reason, however. American citizens also wanted to intimidate and be able to protect themselves. Today the right to bear arms is mainly because of the American military. Knowing that it is the most powerful nation in terms of mass weapons production and usage, their citizens also want to show others that same power. There is no correct answer on why an American household should have a gun. It used to be right because of the lacking power of the military but now there is no reason Americans should possess guns today. Even if gun control laws were pushed to restrict the possession of firearms, almost 90 out of 100 American citizens have at least a small arms firearm. Trying to control that is nearly impossible. “Trying to control someone that has a gun with a gun so they will stop using the gun is not a good idea” Jagroop Nagra

 

Why did gun sales go up drastically during Barack Obama’s presidency and decrease after Trump’s election?

 

The drop in gun sales was likely a result of Barack Obama’s more liberal political standing. People probably assumed he would place heavy restrictions guns or make it much more difficult to purchase them. This assumption caused many to stock up on guns before it was too late. It’s sort of supply and demand. People assumed the gun supply would drastically decrease, so they purchased many while the supply was up. Trump, on the other hand, is much more conservative than Obama. The public likely believes the chance of him placing restrictions on gun ownership is extremely low. So, they don’t see any reason to purchase guns, since they could just do so later anyway.

Socials presentations review

Presenters: Raman, Ravneet, Sonia

Positive:

1. Excellent presentation, posters are visually pleasing, and the drawings are well done.

2. Well researched, clearly, a lot of work was put in.

Negative:

  1. Read off of paper
  2. there is not much use of body language, low hand movement

Significance: Shows how different two cultures can be regardless of their proximity to one another. Two cultures from the same country can be completely different, with completely different values and beliefs, yet coexist without major conflict.

Presenters: Justin, Manvinder, Jasneet

Positive:

  1. Good amount of information
  2. Nice use of go-animate to make the presentation.

Negative:

  1. Not very good use of body language for one of the presenters, who was sitting down.
  2. Difficult to follow at times.

Significance: Shows how far music has progressed as a way to express oneself, and as a tool to create conversation. Music began as something more cultural and progressed into something that was meant for enjoyment. Now it is used in various ways to raise awareness and promote positivity and acceptance.

Presenters: Harinder, Herveen, Akashdeep, Gursimar,

Positive:

  1. Creative presentation: the puzzle piece idea is really cool.
  2. Eyecatching

Negative:

  1. The presentation is given very quickly, difficult to follow.
  2. Most of the presentation is given through movie clips, which is not too big of a deal, considering the presentation is about movies.

Significance: Shows how far film has progressed as a medium for cultural expression. Films have become more and more culturally focused in recent years, in hopes of improving how people treat one another. Movies focus more on social issues now than they ever have. Movies are also used to promote motivational stories like those of Milka Singh and Jackie Robinson.

 

 

Ritual terms and Questions.

Define the following terms:

Ritual: A cultural ceremony or series of actions performed in a specific order.

contemporary culture:Modern/recent culture.

Anthropological: The study of humankind

Perplexing: confusing

Secular: Not cultural or religious.

Sacred: Serving some religious purpose.

Inevitable: Something that cannot be prevented.

Questions:

  1. What is ritual? Where does it originate?

Ritual is a ceremony or series of actions related to a cultural process. They may not always be religious as smaller groups of people can create their own rituals for various purposes. A group of friends may create their own rituals for when they get together. In the cultural sense, a ritual may be created out of a certain set of beliefs, for example, if one believes that spirits roam the world on Halloween, they may dress up as a spirit themselves toward the others off. Things like this may have influenced many rituals over the course of history.

  1. What are rituals effects and how are they achieved?

The effects of a ritual are entirely based on its purpose. If a ritual is meant to be a sort of, coming of age, type thing, it would cause the person it’s performed on to gain higher status. An example of this would be the bullet ant ritual used by tribes in Brazil.

  1. Who is in control of rituals that you have experienced?

Usually, the leader of a group/religion will oversee the rituals. The pope, for example, would have the power to alter rituals. In my case, there is no living person who can oversee the rituals, they have been established. However, there is generally a sort of priest or such, who sees the whole process through.

  1. For each image and video clip explain how it could be considered ritualistic?

Haka: The haka is a series of actions performed in a specific order to achieve a certain effect, therefore, it is a ritual. Add onto that its cultural significance, it is definitely a ritual.

Thanksgiving Dinner: It is meant to be done on only one day of the year, and it has cultural significance.

Henna: It’s a type of tattoo applied for special occasions. It can be considered a tradition.

Birthday Cake: It is meant for special occasions. It signifies a specific event so it can be considered a ritual when you include the act of blowing the candles out and making a wish.

Movie night: It is something a group of people may decide to do periodically. It isn’t something that one would just naturally do so it can be considered a ritual or tradition, for the group.

Friends ritual: This is the prototypical, generic type of ritual. This is probably what most people think about when they think about rituals. A set of seemingly unrelated actions performed in a specific way with specific ingredients to achieve a certain effect.

  1. Have you, your friends, or your family created any unique rituals? For example when I was a younger my family would go to Hawaii every Christmas. It was a family ritual. Anything can be a ritual. Explain how you feel when you are performing the ritual.

My friends and I have get-togethers, but we call them tea parties and go out of our way to drink tea just for fun. It sort of gives me a sense of belonging, like I’m unique and whatnot. There’s nothing too special about our get-togethers aside from the tea, and the fact that we play this one game called “race the sun” pretty much every time we have one of these “tea parties”.

  1. Read the following article on this site: https://culanth.org/curated_collections/4-ritual

Choose one of the articles highlighted and linked on the site and post a one page review.

The Maoist Shaman and the Madman: Ritual Bricolage, Failed theory, and failed ritual theory.

This article covers Emily Chao’s attempts to discover the nature of ritual by analyzing a ritual she observed in western China. The ultimate goal was to find out what makes a ritual successful and what would mean a failed ritual.

It proposes the idea that rituals may be more of a social thing than we believe. She observes a ritual where a shaman attempts to restore a madman to normal. In the ritual she observes, she notes that the audience, ignorant of the shaman’s culture and tradition, laugh at him while he performs the ritual and claim it was a failure. This leads to her conclusion that social beliefs are what decide whether a ritual is successful or not and that rituals are more social in nature than we may believe. She proposes that people overlook the social aspects of the ritual since it is more or less based completely on one’s beliefs. Someone without social context would see a ritual as nothing more than a ritual, ignoring the social complexities, and the possible roots of each action.

Banksy Does New York Review

In 2013, mysterious British street artist, Banksy, announced that he was coming to New York for the whole month of October, to release a new work of art, somewhere in the city, every day. “Banksy Does New York” follows the events surrounding this while showing off all the chaos and displaying several points of view.

One of the things this documentary does well is capturing the chaos and confusion from the viewpoint of New York residents. Two of the reoccurring personalities are what seems to be a couple, who document their own search for Banksy’s artwork. This does a pretty good job of representing the average person. The documentary also does not shy away from differing viewpoints. It looks at people who dislike what Banksy is doing, people who just want to profit off of it, people who think it’s amazing, and people who don’t want anything to do with it. At one point, it shows a group of men, charging people for pictures of Banksy’s work, and people were actually paying. At another, it shows a group of people taking a whole piece of art in hopes of selling it. At another, it shows an art critic talking about how simple and boring he thought Banksy’s artwork was. It keeps everything fresh and entertaining as well by revealing new information periodically to keep the audience involved and interested in what’s going on.

The documentary does an excellent job of allowing the audience to create their own opinion. One point where this stands out is when the documentary covers a day when Banksy paid someone to sell his artwork for $60 dollars, without telling anyone. The chaos and confusion his other pieces caused were hardly present, and many people walked by without turning their head. This would have been an excellent opportunity to say that Banksy’s work was only turning heads since it was just that, Banksy’s work. However, the documentary, possibly wishing to stay neutral, does not comment on this, allowing the audience to take the information presented however they please. This does, however, create another problem in my opinion.

One of the things I disliked about the documentary, is that it doesn’t really get to the point. It is difficult to see why the documentary was made. It does not really try to do anything in particular. It kind of just documents the events, which isn’t inherently a bad thing, but it kind of takes away from it for me personally.

Overall, “Banksy Does New York” does an excellent job capturing Banksy’s run in New York and presenting the information in a way that keeps everything fresh and entertaining.

 

 

 

Presentations positives and negatives

Presenters: Raman, Ravneet, Sonia

Positive:

1. Excellent presentation, posters are visually pleasing, and the drawings are well done.

2. Well researched, clearly, a lot of work was put in.

Negative:

Read off of paper, and there is not much use of body language, low hand movements.

 

Why is Cultural Awareness Important?(research essay#1)

Jaskirat Jawanda

Mr. Nagra

Social Studies 11

September 15, 2017

Why is Cultural Awareness Important?

     “Culture makes people understand each other better…if they understand each other better in their soul, it is easier to overcome the economic and political barriers.”-Paulo Coelho Many people believe learning one’s own culture is important, however, learning others can prove even more so. Studying a variety of cultures can expose one to interesting viewpoints, help one understand new cultures they interact with, and increase one’s global awareness while preventing conflict.

 

     People around the world think differently. Everyone is exposed to a different set of conditions, whether that be a different environment or a different level of poverty. Some hunt, others farm, some read, others play, but no one does everything. This set of conditions heavily affects the way one thinks and acts. For example, someone from the Hopi tribe, a heavily Matrilineal society, would have much different views on women’s rights when compared to those of someone from Saudi Arabia, a country where the male to female ratio is very high. It is not as if American society has not borrowed ideas from other cultures already. Our government is a partial democracy, a concept borrowed from Ancient Greece, baseball, “America’s favorite pastime,” is British, and English, North America’s national language is comprised of more borrowed words than any other language. Other cultures can propose solutions that one’s own may never think of. Taking in ideas from other cultures and considering them while creating an opinion of their own will make their final opinion that much stronger. One could also expose themselves to information and events that may contradict what they originally thought and change their opinions completely. The fact is, everyone is different, and one’s own culture may not resonate with them as another culture would, meaning it may just be enlightening for one to look into other cultures.

 

     Our world is becoming much more diverse as more cultures move in. Looking at it from an entirely North American perspective, people expose themselves to more new cultures now than ever. With new technology allowing international transportation, nearly anyone can enter any nation. The freedom to go anywhere in the world is leading many to the US and Canada in pursuit of the “American Dream,” along with hopes of a better life and a fresh new start. This means new people, new cultures, are entering our own at an alarming rate. For this reason, learning about other cultures can prevent one from being overwhelmed by the variety of people they will meet on a regular basis. Furthermore, it could help one prevent conflict between groups simply due to lack of information. Moreover, it would help those around you feel more accustomed to their new home. However, this is not limited to one’s immediate surroundings, nowadays, with the internet, and more specifically, social media, anyone can reach out to the whole world in seconds. So, simply knowing a little more about other cultures can help you prevent misunderstanding next time you tweet about that foreign event that is trending everywhere. Learning about other people’s cultures is also good a good business strategy. American businesses hoping to expand to a wider range of customers would need to understand the culture of their potential clients and adjust to account for differences. People whose work involves even a basic level of social interaction could benefit greatly from understanding how other cultures communicate or express their emotions. Even a basic understanding of other cultures can be an indispensable asset when communicating through any medium.

 

     Finally, learning about other cultures improves one’s global awareness, and can help us, as a society, prevent conflict. With the current state of global relations, and frankly, the United States’ less than competent President, international conflict in the near future is not improbable. Something that is improbable however is the US losing any war, considering the sheer size and budget of its military. And, if such a thing would come to pass, or even if peace is decided upon, negotiations must be held. For negotiations to succeed, all countries involved would need a deep understanding of each other’s culture. If the terms of the negotiation were to hinder one side from practicing its culture, that side’s people would eventually grow to hate the other countries and conflict would occur once again. A more direct example of how that would turn out is the Quebec Act, which prevented self-governance and the practice of certain religions in the French people in Quebec. The French were accustomed to a certain lifestyle, which the Quebec act prevented. Another act eventually replaced it, but the damage had been done, and many French people held a grudge against the British that would last for ages. And, this is likely what could happen on a global scale if culture the countries involved don’t take culture into account during negotiation. However, if all parties involved can take each other’s culture into account and work together for the sake of all their people, it could potentially prevent conflict for years.

 

     To sum it up, learning about other cultures can expose you to new ideas and opinions, help you socialize and accommodate a variety of different people, and help us as a nation prevent global conflict in the future.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Outline(already marked HERE)

“Culture makes people understand each other better…if they understand each other better in their soul, it is easier to overcome the economic and political barriers.”-Paulo Coelho Many people believe learning one’s own culture is important, however, learning others can prove even more so. Studying a variety of cultures can expose one to interesting viewpoints, help one understand the various cultures hoping to enter their own, and increase one’s global awareness while preventing conflict.

 

People from different parts of the world think differently:

 

  • People around the world are exposed to different conditions and scenarios. Some hunt, others farm, some read, others play, but no one does everything.
  • People raised in different conditions will think differently about subjects. Someone from a culture that gives women larger roles(Ex:Many Indigenous american tribes), may have much different views on women’s rights issues than someone from Saudi Arabia perhaps, where the male population is much larger than the female(source).
  • Taking in all of these ideas and considering them while creating an opinion of your own will make your final opinion that much stronger. You could also expose yourself to information and events that may contradict what you originally thought and change your opinions completely.

 

Learning about other cultures may be necessary in the near future.

 

  • With the growing cultural diversity in the Americas, people are being exposed to different cultures on a daily basis. Furthermore, with how advanced communicative technology is, the world seems smaller and smaller.
  • People in jobs involving socializing with others will have to learn about a variety of cultures in order to accommodate the new people coming in from all around the world.
  • Understanding various ways many cultures may communicate or express their emotions may become an indispensable ability for people in jobs that require even a small amount of socialization.(Cashiers for example)(…).

 

Increased global awareness/Prevent conflict

 

  • With the current state of the US government, and the real possibility of war on the horizon, global relationships are becoming increasingly important.
  • With the increasing tension between the western and eastern world, knowing about one another’s cultures can help promote healthier/more positive conversation and even help us prevent future conflict.(Video that covers this)
  • Moreover, as Canadian businesses grow, they may want to reach out and attain global clientele, which would require understanding of culture.
    • An advertisement which works in Canada, may not work in Japan, for example.   
  • In fact, if any company wants to gain global attention, they must learn about the cultures of people around the world.

Research Essay #1 outline

“Culture makes people understand each other better…if they understand each other better in their soul, it is easier to overcome the economic and political barriers.”-Paulo Coelho Many people believe learning one’s own culture is important, however, learning others can prove even more so. Studying a variety of cultures can expose one to interesting viewpoints, help one understand the various cultures hoping to enter their own, and increase one’s global awareness while preventing conflict.

 

People from different parts of the world think differently:

 

  • People around the world are exposed to different conditions and scenarios. Some hunt, others farm, some read, others play, but no one does everything.
  • People raised in different conditions will think differently about subjects. Someone from a culture that gives women larger roles(Ex:Many Indigenous american tribes), may have different views on women’s rights issues than someone from Saudi Arabia perhaps, where the male population is much larger than the female(source).
  • Taking in all of these ideas and considering them while creating an opinion of your own will make your final opinion that much stronger. You could also expose yourself to information and events that may contradict what you originally thought and change your opinions completely.

 

Learning about other cultures may be necessary for the near future.

 

  • With the growing cultural diversity in the Americas, people are being exposed to different cultures on a daily basis. Furthermore, with how advanced communicative technology is, the world seems smaller and smaller.
  • People in jobs involving socializing with others will have to learn about a variety of cultures in order to accommodate the new people coming in from all around the world.
  • Understanding various ways many cultures may communicate or express their emotions may become an indispensable ability for people in jobs that require even a small amount of socialization.(Cashiers for example).

 

Increased global awareness/Prevent conflict

 

  • With the current state of the US government and the real possibility of war on the horizon, global relationships are becoming increasingly important.
  • With the increasing tension between the western and eastern world, knowing about one another’s cultures can help promote healthier/more positive conversation and even help us prevent future conflict.(Video that covers this)
  • Moreover, as Canadian businesses grow, they may want to reach out and attain global clientele, which would require an understanding of culture.
  • In fact, if any company wants to gain global attention, they must learn about the cultures of people around the world.

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